The Roman Emperors and Danube Wine Route
The Roman Emperors and Danube Wine Route consists of archaeological sites, each with their own unique histories that are monuments to the leadership of the Roman emperors in their defense of the Danube Corridor.
The Roman Emperors were the leaders and guardians of a complex political structure which was built on the rule of law and limited autonomy in self-governing colonies and municipalities. The rule of law, after the emperor Caracalla’s decree of 212, included universal citizenship throughout the Empire. After the decision of the Illyrian emperors Constantine and Licinius in 313, religious tolerance was guaranteed by law. This established Christianity as the leading religion in the Empire which was to form a major underpinning for medieval and later European culture.
Local government was stabilized in the various provinces of the Empire by the emperors’ individual grants semi-autonomous governing powers to local communities with the award of colonial or municipal status (coloniae and municipia). These communities received their governing privileges from the emperors active in the Danube region who also wanted to encourage the integration of indigenous peoples into Roman citizenship and the governing system.
The appreciation of wine and its comsumption in social contexts which is promoted on a regional basis in the wine part of the Route continues a tradition that stems from the introduction of the beverage by the Romans. Perhaps it can also be allowed that the spirit of the Latin word convivium, “eating together” “enjoying together” can also be continued into modern European culture where wine prized and considered a necessary accompaniment to good living.